I’ve been spinning and plying on my Finnish spinning wheel: a slanty. Or Toika. Or Rukki (“spinning wheel” in Finnish)
A big wheel, to give a lot of twist to the bobbin.
It’s also a double belted drive. It has two pulleys: one on the bobbin and one that screws onto the shaft of the flight.
The belt is one continuous loop running twice over the wheel in a double folded figure 8: one loop drives the bobbin, one drives the shaft/flight. Because the circumference of one pulley is slightly smaller than the other pulley the yarn winds onto the bobbin. But very slowly and with minimum pull. While fast twist is added while the whole wheel stays stable. Ideal for Long Draw and/or thin lace.
10 grams of singles onto the bobbin. These bobbins are small, they can hold about 40 grams maximum.
This was the first time for me plying on this wheel. I had a problem to solve.
One of the pulleys screws unto the shaft of the flight. While you spin the single you work against the direction of the threads, always securing the pulley onto the shaft.
But plying needs you to spin into the other direction. The pulley unscrews, causing all kinds of rattling and perhaps even slipping of the belt.
Here’s the solution I found:
Put both belt(halves) onto just the pulley of the bobbin. Worked like a charm.
I did have to increase the tension onto the belt, to prevent slippage. Tension in these kinds of wheels is done by turning the screw at the right side of the wheel, the one that looks like a handle. It moves the whole thing on which the bobbin is mounted to the right. And it is a wooden screw, with all wooden threads.
All these vintage and antique wheels work like this.
All the vintage European wheel too. All the wheel with that “handle” on the far right. I didn’t know but now I love it.
Oh, how I love the antique Finnish spinning wheels! My dream is to go there on holiday and find one and take it home and use it. One with history. If they let me.
In the mean time I have joy in reading the online magazine The Spinning Wheel Sleuth
All my wheels have names and this is “Grinse Finn”, meaning “Finn coming from Groningen”.
126 m, 20 grams, lace weight. Lovely and soft and shimmering.